Characteristics: Broad-leaved, deciduous tree.
Leaves: alternate and simple.
Flowers: White, April- May
Fruit: Dark purple-black berries, mid June through mid-July.
Growth: Medium growth rate. Mature height: 35-50’. Spread 35-50’.
Shade: tolerates full shade
Habitat: shrub swamps and forested wetlands.
Hydrology: Facultative, tolerates seasonal inundation, salt resistant.
Range: Newfoundland to Mississippi on Costal Plain.
Comments: Tolerates drought, beautiful fall foliage colors of orange-red.
High food value for songbirds. Good industry tree.